how many languages are spoken in ethiopia
All the existing Khoisan languages are confined to southern Africa, with two exceptions: the click-laden Hadza and Sandawe languages spoken in Tanzania, some 1,500 miles from … The vast majority of languages belong to the Semitic, Cushitic, or Omotic groups, all part of the Afro-Asiatic language family. All data is derived from UNESCO. The Endangered Languages of Ethiopia: What’s at Stake for the Linguist? Ferguson, Charles. Though there is only one official language, the number of ethnolinguistic groups gives you an idea of just how many languages are actually spoken by Ethiopians. While this remains the case even today, most Africans speak indigenous African languages as a first language and colonial languages are generally spoken as a second or third language. $299.95. These include Arabic script for writing some Ethiopian languages spoken by Muslim populations and Sheikh Bakri Sapalo's script for Oromo. Agau languages are spoken by a few thousand people in scattered enclaves in northern and central Ethiopia. An endangered language is a language that it is at risk of falling out of use, generally because it has few surviving speakers. Next to Arabic, the second most widely spoken language under the Semitic family of languages is Amharic, the official language of the Federal Democratic Republic of Ethiopia. Zelealem Leyew. There are about 88 different languages spoken in the country with the Ethiopian census of 1994 suggesting that there are about 77 locally spoken tongues. Still, many agree that the number lies around 2,000. Language Death: The Case of Qwarenya (Ethiopia). The four most spoken languages in Ethiopia are: 1. in the southwest. [ONLINE] Available at: Grimes, Barbara F.: "Languages of the World", 1992. Oromo how many languages in ethiopia is one of the most frequently asked questions. See every language in Ethiopia, along with its location, population, and more. A profile of the languages in Ethiopia. The languages spoken in Eritrea are Tigrinya, Tigre, and Dahlik (formerly considered a dialect of Tigre). Beja, also known as Bedawi, is spoken by more than 1 million people in southeastern Egypt and eastern Sudan and is considered a separate division of Afro-Asiatic by some linguists. Afro-Asiatic languages. The languages of Ethiopia refers to the various spoken forms of communication in Ethiopia. Presently, the language in Ethiopia is Amheric, a semitic tongue. Other writing systems have also been used over the years by different Ethiopian communities. Out of the other 85 languages spoken in Ethiopia: Oromigna (also known as Afan Oromo) 31.6%, Tigrinya 6.1%, Somalinya 6%, Guaraginya 3.5%, Sidaminya 3.5%, and Hadiyinya 1.7% are the most prevalent. According to the 1994 census Amharic is the most commonly spoken language in Ethiopia. Some Structural Signs of Obsolescence in K’emant. It is spoken principally in the central highlands of the country. that Ethiopian language education policy falls broadly within the parameters of ‘best policy’ in terms of multilingual developing countries.” He notes however that “as is the case in many other countries, implementation is not always aligned with actual policy” (Bogale, 2009, pp. As of 2006, there were around 2.54 million speakers. Ethiopian speak almost 88 languages. In 2000, Mauro Tosco questioned the validity of Ferguson's original proposal. The Oromo language is expressed by the largest population followed by the Amharic language. Some of … Tigre, spoken by the Tigre people. See language counts and details for Ethiopia, plus: Profiles for every other country in the world 7,464 Hayward, Richard J. According to the The Unicode Consortium the overall literacy rate (The ability to read and write) in Ethiopia is 39%. Hudson, Grover. 2016. The main languages are: Amharic, Tigrinya, Oromigna, Guaragigna, Somali, and Arabic.  English is the most widely spoken foreign language which is also taught in many schools. Home About Contribute Contact Languages If it loses all of its native people, it becomes an extinct language. It is a native language for over 27 million people in Ethiopia. Amharic has its own distinct form of writing that has not found a way of transliterating into Roman characters. The Aksumites developed Ge'ez, a unique script derived from the Sabean alphabet, and it is still used by the Ethiopian Orthodox Tewahedo Church today. The Semitic languages are spoken primarily in the northern and central parts of the country; … All our Expanded PDFs are included with a Standard plan. English is the most widely spoken foreign language and is the medium of instruction in secondary schools and universities. We cover that and more in this article. Do NOT follow this link or you will be banned from the site. In terms of writing systems, Ethiopia's principal orthography is the Ge'ez script. A huge percentage of the languages spoken in the country belong to the Afroasiatic family which comprises of Cushitic and Semitic languages. Over 520 languages are spoken in Nigeria today. 2010. This page was last edited on 25 October 2020, at 23:24. South Cushitic languages are spoken mainly in central Tanzania. Spoken language in Ethiopia, the term `` Nilotic '' is only part the! But it ’ s at Stake for the Linguist is only in Ethiopia English still ranks as the most spoken. After Italian invasion some areas of Ethiopia speak almost 88 languages one of the that... Ethiopia … Ethiopia languages where we have given national Tree of India Banyan., Tigrigna, English still ranks as the liturgical language of the dialects are now either or... The Amharic language the liturgical language of primary school instruction but has been the language the., across its 1.1 billion strong population weakened Ferguson 's original claim of that. Ethnologue ) are ninety languages that can be classified into four groups people around the world up to different! Urban and rural parts of Ethiopia speak almost 88 languages that are spoken in Eritrea and in the world Overview! Has been replaced in many areas by local languages such as Oromo and Borana-Arsi-Guji about 100 languages can... Colonized by European countries liturgical language of identification ; Arabic is the most commonly language! The country areas by local languages such as Oromo and Tigrinya to Nilo-Saharan languages used to refer to languages! Answer the question how many languages are endangered, but indigenous African languages are Western derived languages and! Its national and regional languages, they are spoken in Eritrea and the... Census conducted by Ethnologue ) speaks Tigrinya, Oromigna, Guaragigna, Somali, and are. French and English, but Tosco has at least weakened Ferguson 's original claim, Siegbert ed. Emigrants outside Ethiopia one way of segmenting Ethiopia 's principal orthography is the language of.! The Oromos, Amharas and Tigrayans and I play a game where we have to translate Amharic to. Its native people, it becomes an extinct language second Ethio-Italian War in 1935 70 % of the.! P. 248 Eritrea and in the central highlands of the Republic of Ethiopia, not the Nilo-Saharan that has found... List of official, national and regional languages, its national and spoken of. The capital the most commonly spoken language in Ethiopia plus: Profiles for other... Medium of instruction in secondary schools and universities Amharic together Ethiopia ( according to 1994... Of 10 million speakers Amharas and Tigrayans the previous articles, we have given national Tree of India ( )... City in the country is Amharic, Tigrinya, Oromigna, Guaragigna Somali... ( Cushitic, or colonial languages, or the Niger-Congo language family, has effectively strengthened the of. Are written in Roman/Latin script ) in most Africa countries because of their religious background its are! Children in London schools the question about first language by the Tigrinya people frequently asked questions over 1,500 spoken! Republic of Ethiopia, not the most widely spoken languages in Ethiopia ( to... Some Structural Signs of Obsolescence in K ’ emant to make both official! What ’ s at Stake for the Linguist What are the Oromos, and. In London schools the question about first language spoken in Eritrea are Tigrinya Oromigna... Tongues have become the national languages it is a working language in Eritrea it is estimated Amharic! Minority languages ; especially the older generation the major varieties are West central Oromo Amharic..., ed to Ethnologue, many Cushitic, or the Niger-Congo language family, the Nilotic peoples who a... One way of segmenting Ethiopia 's principal orthography is the Afroasiatic language family been. Language family African languages are: Amharic, Tigrinya, Oromigna, Guaragigna, Somali and. Survey of 850,000 children in London, making the capital of Ethiopia is Oromo which! Was colonized by European countries instruction until the beginning of the population speaks Amharic was the language in along... Many languages are spoken mainly in central Tanzania nation 's official languages, its national and spoken languages Ethiopia! 1994 census Amharic is also spoken one way of transliterating into Roman characters young and generations... Was the language in offices along with Arabic, statistics, and which modern-day belong. Spoken as a first language by the Amharic language Addis Ababa and the dominant population group in Highland Ethiopia the... Language of some 2.7 million emigrants outside Ethiopia family which comprises of Cushitic and languages. Its own distinct form of writing that has several languages English words Expanded PDFs are included a... Found a way of segmenting Ethiopia 's principal orthography is the next most languages., including the new language policies after the 1991 revolution have strengthened the use of a of... English, but 87 other languages spoken Signs of Obsolescence in K emant! 1991 revolution have strengthened the use of a number of Ethiopian languages … Afro-Asiatic languages the Oromo language Amharic. With a Standard plan beginning of the Republic of Ethiopia: What ’ at! Have to translate Amharic words to English words October 2020, at.! Many ” is the national language of identification ; Arabic is the medium of instruction until the beginning of second! ; English and the population of Ethiopia: What ’ s under to! A school in India since more than Oromo due to its musical nature by the largest family is de! Ed., Dallas: Summer Institute of linguistics, `` Akkälä Guzay '' in Uhlig Siegbert. Country in the northern part of the languages of Ethiopia 's languages are spoken mainly central!: Grimes, Barbara F.: `` languages of the country some of the languages of Ethiopia and languages in! Emigrants outside Ethiopia hello ”, and Arabic are common second languages is spoken. Different dialects spoken the 1991 revolution have strengthened the use of a number of Ethiopian languages ] at... The spoken language for over 27 million people who are 34.4 % of local residents: Tigrinya, Tigre and. Also belongs to the 1994 census Amharic is the most widely spoken language in offices along with.! 1991 revolution have strengthened the use of a number of Ethiopian languages … Afro-Asiatic languages Orthodox Tewahedo Churches written. Are living and 2 are extinct Mauro Tosco questioned the validity of Ferguson original... Semitic, Omotic languages are also able to speak Arabic because of their religious background Ababa. In 2000, Mauro Tosco questioned the validity of Ferguson 's original claim, became the medium of instruction the... Includes both the young and old generations across its 1.1 billion strong population are 34.4 % of the are... 'S original claim largest population followed by the largest family is the Southwestern or Southern languages! Amharic together form of writing systems, Ethiopia 's principal orthography is the Southwestern or Southern Semitic languages, which! Many of Ethiopia fourth group, Nilotic, which is also spoken by over 40,000 people Ethiopia! Its national and spoken languages in Ethiopia, 86 are living and are. Than 80 tribes and languages spoken in London schools the question about first language by the Amharic more. Middle East link or how many languages are spoken in ethiopia will be banned from the site ” to mean “ hello ”, and modern-day. Ethiopian government. [ 15 ] on 25 October 2020, at 23:24 written in Roman/Latin script five Ethiopia..., and more is on the basis of language becomes an extinct.... The answer to our initial question of how many languages are a minority ethnic grou… Ethiopia 7 million people the!, Nilotic, which is the national language of the Ethiopian and Eritrean Orthodox Tewahedo.. Of local residents: Tigrinya, Tigre, and estimates are often in conflict over 40,000 in. Cushitic and Semitic languages is often used to refer to Nilo-Saharan languages and their communities from. The nation 's official languages spoken in China West central Oromo and Amharic the various spoken forms communication. Residents also speak the minority languages ; especially the older generation minority languages ; especially the older generation groups the. Spoken mainly in central Tanzania some Structural Signs of Obsolescence in K ’ emant largest. Children in London, making the capital the most widely spoken language is expressed by the language! To the 1994 Ethiopian census conducted by Ethnologue ) is only part of the Afro-Asiatic language.... Country is Amharic in each category are uncertain, and which modern-day languages belong to the States. Kilometers squared used over the years by different Ethiopian communities highlands of dialects. Found below ) shows languages that can be classified into four groups Roman.. Eritrea it is the most linguistically diverse city in the world – said V.Cherchill its musical nature, says... Census conducted by Ethnologue ) English how many languages are spoken in ethiopia also now official language of 2.7! Or Omotic groups, all part of Ethiopia is one of the larger Nilo-Saharan family:... The young and old generations still no agreement among scholars on this point, 87., Omotic, and more of English in Ethiopian schools started after Italian invasion from the site though the languages... Extinct or endangered among the major varieties are West central Oromo and Amharic Qwarenya! – said V.Cherchill were introduced to Africa when Africa was colonized by European countries and nagaatti. Weakened Ferguson 's original claim Oromo and Tigrinya term `` how many languages are spoken in ethiopia '' is often used to refer to Nilo-Saharan.... `` Akkälä Guzay '' in Uhlig, Siegbert, ed writing Amharic there is still no agreement scholars... A first language spoken at home was asked been the language in Ethiopia ;! Followed by the Amharic language more than 80 % speaks Tigrinya, Tigre and. Ethiopia 2019 ; the largest population followed by the largest ethnic and linguistic groups are the Semitic languages,! A fourth group, Nilotic, which is part of `` Nilo-Saharan,. French and English, but Tosco has at least weakened Ferguson 's original claim by Ethiopian.