excoecaria agallocha medicinal uses

MATERIALS AND METHODS 2.1 Collection of specimens Excoecaria agallocha L.an evergreen mangrove species belonging to the family Euphorbiaceae was used for … This can be used as a source of antibiotics. The identification of the plant was done by Professor Jun Wu, School of Pharmaceutical Sciences, Southern Medical University, PR China. Excoecaria agallocha L. is an accepted name This name is the accepted name of a species in the genus Excoecaria (family Euphorbiaceae ). Anti-tumor-promoting activity of the diterpene from Excoecaria agallocha. The latex from the leaf of the blind-your-eye mangrove (Excoecaria agallocha) can cause blindness, but the powerful chemicals in it can be used on sores and to treat marine stings. Excoecaria agallocha(Euphorbiaceae), also known as blind-your-eye, is mainly used to treat sores and stings. Gangawaa. : Excoecaria agallocha-Milky mangrove.I have taken these pictures at the Salim Ali Bird sanctuary, Goa, mangroves section, in Sep.2010.This is the only member of the Euphorbiaceae family associated with mangroves ( Ref: Godrej A symbiosis of Industry and nature, 2000, pg:91). [5] It was just as well that he did so, because even the smoke from the burning wood is poisonous and can harm the eyes, so it would not have been useful as fuel.[6]. This species may also have medicinal properties and can be used as an arrow poison. EXCOECARIA AGALLOCHA L. ANTIMICROBIAL PROPERTIES AGAINST IMPORTANT PATHOGENIC MICROORGANISMS Varahalarao Vadlapudi1, Varaprasad Bobbarala1*, Somasekhar Penumajji2, ... Medical plants have been used for years in daily life to treat disease all over the world. The ratio of male to female flowers is 16:1. Wetland Ecology: Principles and Conservation. The mangrove plant of Excoecaria agallocha L. were collected from the Muthupet mangrove forest and used for the extraction of fresh and dried parts of leaves stem and root respectively. The bark oil has been found effective against rheumatism, leprosy and paralysis. Excoecaria agallochaL. Folk Gevaa, Huraa (Maharashtra). This is a poisonous plant and may cause blindness if the sap enters the eyes. Tomlinson, P.B. Chem. The book covers the origin and dispersal of plants, literature, use of medicinal plants within traditional Fijian culture, diseases of Fiji, and medicinal chemicals from plants. Habitat The coastal and tidal forests of India. (Tokyo) 54:920-921. Aquilaria Agallocha Medicinal Uses. Bull. A mangrove of this plant is seen surrounding the ancient Chidambaram Temple in the state of Tamil Nadu. [3], Excoecaria agallocha has been found to have various medicinal and pharmacological benefits, including the treatment for epilepsy, ulcers, leprosy, rheumatism, and paralysis. Even the Kuntze. Several of the men that Cook had sent ashore to cut wood had been blinded for a time. This description attributes it, a potent anti-microbial activity. - Smoke from burning wood used for leprosy. Journal of Natural Products 2003, 66 (1) , ... Wenhan Lin. Therefore, resin and heartwood of Eagle wood are employed by Ayurveda as local cleansing agents. Agarwood's use as a medicinal product was also recorded in the Sahih Muslim, ... though what was referred in ancient Tamil literature could well be Excoecaria agallocha. Human Uses In traditional medicine, the leaves are used to treat urticaria and herpes zoster as well as to arrest bleeding. Owing to its complex chemistry, the plant may have many new medicinal uses. Headaches, ... (Excoecaria agallocha) can cause blindness, but the powerful chemicals in it can be used on sores and to treat marine stings. In Telugu and Kannada, it is known by the same Sanskrit name as Aguru. The most famous is the exococcia argalochia or agallochoceous tree (Excoecaria agallocha) from which the healing oil is obtained. The structures of 1−3 were established as 3α,18-dihydroxy-3β,20-epoxybeyer-15-ene, (15R,16S)-ent-15,16-epoxybeyeran-3-one, and ent-3β-hydroxykaur-16-en-2-one, respectively, on the basis of extensive NMR experiments and, in the case of 1, by X-ray analysis. Bligh, William. Pollinators such as bees commonly visit the flowers. According to Wee, the plant contains behenic acid. Sambung darah (Excoecaria agallocha L.) leaves are often used as traditional medicine. Excoecaria orientalis Pax & K.Hoffm. For documenting flora of India that is being discussed on efloraofindia google e-group along with supplementing the working of the group. Various traditional medicinal uses are made of the bark, leaves and roots. medicinal uses. It is common in mangrove swamps from Bangladesh, India in the northwest to Australia in the southeast, within Australia, it thrives from northern New South Wales along the … General Information Excoecaria … Excoecaria agallocha is an evergreen, or briefly deciduous shrub or small tree growing 10 - 30 metres tall. He accordingly instructed his men not to cut that type of tree when he sent them ashore in Tahiti to gather wood and water in 1789. ed. Excoecaria agallocha, a mangrove species, belongs to the genus Excoecaria of the family Euphorbiaceae. Family Euphorbiaceae. Excoecaria agallocha is a mangrove plant seen abundantly in the coastal estuarine regions of Indian sub-continent. | Linn. Cribb (1981). List of Ayurvedic medicine in which the herb is used Where to get the saplings Mode of Propagation. Excoecaria agallocha, a mangrove species, belongs to the genus Excoecaria of the family Euphorbiaceae. Excoecaria agallocha L. Milky Mangrove, River Poison Tree, Aloewood, Geor, Blind-your-Eyes Tree, Buta-Buta, Bebuta. [1] Within a mangrove forest, the most salt-tolerant species occur near the ocean. Aquilaria Agallocha Medicinal Uses Eagle wood is described as "rakshoghna". Comments have to be approved before they are shown here. It is common in mangrove swamps from Bangladesh, India in the northwest to Australia in the southeast, within Australia, it thrives from northern New South Wales along the northern coastline around to Western Australia. Family Euphorbiaceae. This species may also have medicinal properties and can be used as an arrow poison. It is known as Chénxiāng in Chinese, Chimhyang in Korean and Jinkō in Japanese; all meaning "deep scent" and alluding to its intense scent. PRELIMINARY PHYTOCHEMICAL ANALYSIS AND THIN LAYER CHROMATOGRAPHY OF THE EXTRACTS OF EXCOECARIA AGALLOCHA L.. M. Deepa * 1 and C. K. Padmaja 2. Ashes or bark infusions of certain species were applied to skin disorders and sores, including leprosy. Excoecaria Agallocha | herbal health Excoecaria Agallocha | What does the Excoecaria Agallocha symbol in dream mean? RFK Code. Euphorbiaceae week- Excoecaria agallocha L. Mangrove species. Even dried and powdered leaves retain the poison and can kill fish very quickly or be used on a poison dart. MATERIALS AND METHODS Leaves of the blind-your-eye mangrove (Excoecaria agallocha- herbarium # AUBOT 140) were collected from the This experiment was done to analyze the compounds of E. agallocha extract against antibacterial activity either on Gram positive bacteria (Staphylococcus aureus, S. epidermidis, and Streptococcus agalactiae), and Gram negative bacteria (Escherichia coli and Salmonella sp. Excoecaria quadrangularis Müll.Arg. Even the generic name is from the Latin for "blinder". The genus Excoecaria comprises nearly forty species which are distributed in the mangrove region of Asia, Africa, and northwest Australia. Excoecaria agallocha is an evergreen or briefly deciduous shrub or small tree. "Blind your eye (Excoecaria agallocha) on the Shores of Singapore", "A Complete Profile on Blind-your-eye Mangrove Excoecaria Agallocha L. (Euphorbiaceae): Ethnobotany, Phytochemistry, and Pharmacological Aspects", https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Excoecaria_agallocha&oldid=979164396, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License. In China, there are five recorded Excoecaria species, of which E. agallocha has been well studied and a number of novel diterpenoids with anti-tumor bioactivity [] and anti-HIV phorbol ester [] found in it have been reported. William Bligh in his book "A Voyage to the South Sea" mentioned that he was already aware of this hazard when he embarked on the voyage that ended in the notorious mutiny on the Bounty, having learned of it in 1777 from Captain James Cook during the time that he served as Cook's sailing master. In this paper, we present data on the Fatty Acid Methyl Esters (FAME) of leaves of Excoecaria agallocha and its antibacterial and antifungal properties. Excoecaria agallocha is commonly found on the landward side of mangroves. New Bis-secolabdane Diterpenoids from Excoecaria agallocha. The genus Excoecaria of the plant family Euphorbiaceae, comprising 40 species, is wildly distributed in tropical Asia, Africa and Oceania. … The milky juice in the green bark is strongly irritant (Ridley 1898, Pammel 1911, Gimlette 1929); an axe blow may bespatter the wood cutter with it causing blisters on the bare skin and irritation of the eyes. The stems and twigs of Excoecaria agallocha were collected in December 2003 at the mangrove swamp of Sanya, Hainan Province, PR China. The leaves and latex of this tree have been used as a dart poison and fish poison in India, New Caledonia, and Malaysia. Excoecaria quadrangularis Müll.Arg. Key words: Diterpenoids, Euphorbiaceae, Excoecaria agallocha, mangrove, pharmacology, phytoconstituents INTRODUCTION Medicinal plants are considered an important component of flora and are distributed widely throughout India. The most widely reported species is the mangrove Excoecaria agallocha Linn., the latex of which has been used as a purgative and abortifacient, and in the treatment of ulcers, rheumatism, leprosy, and paralysis in Pakistan. 2003. Excoecaria (Figure 1) (Family: Euphorbiaceae) is a medicinal mangrove plant found in many tropical countries including India, Myanmar, Malaysia, Indonesia, Thailand, Philippines and Sri Lanka (Jayaweera,1980). It is also poisonous to stock. The vapour inhaled while collecting this plant is extremely irritating, producing a burning sensation in the throat accompanied by sore eyes and a headache. It is well known Male flowers form drooping tassels, while female flowers appear as shorter spikes. 2006. [1] From the dawn of civilization, medicinal plants are considered part and parcel of human society to combat diseases. ). This comprehensive compilation presents the available reports on the medicinal use of Fijian plants in an attractive and readable form using 'everyday' terms as much as possible. The existence of male and female tree ratio is 2:1. Sapium cochinchinense (Lour.) Anti-ulcer activity of Excoecaria agallocha bark on NSAID-induced gastric ulcer in Albino Rat, Global Journal of Pharmacology, 3 (3), 123–126, 2009. The Botany of Mangroves. Abstract. milky latex of Excoecaria agallocha is very poisonous and powerfully irritant, which is not unusual in milky species of plant in the family Euphorbiaceae. Anti reverse transcriptase and anticancer activity of stem ethanol extracts of Excoecaria agallocha Euphorbiaceae Ceylon J Sci Biol Sci ; Send a request for permission. This description attributes it, a potent anti-microbial activity. Excoecaria agallocha. et Ficus spp. Excoecaria agallocha L. Australian Tropical Rainforest Plants. Contact with skin causes irritation and rapid blistering; slight contact with eyes can cause temporary blindness, hence the common names that refer to blindness. The vapour inhaled while collecting this plant is extremely irritating, producing a burning sensation in the throat accompanied by sore eyes and a headache. ). Tropical Ecology 44: 197-206. In Indonesia, it is used against dysentery, some skin diseases: eczema, neurodermatitis. This article provides a comprehensive review of the complete profile of an important mangrove plant Excoecaria agallocha L. (Euphorbiaceae) and elaborately describing the ethnobotany, phytochemistry, and pharmacological properties. According to Giersen, it is not used as firewood as it … Zoll. Excoecaria agallocha Linn (Euphorbiaceae) is an mangrove tree that occurs alongside swamps in ... in local languages it is known as tillai, geva, surrund, komatti, geon. The milky exudate produced by most plant parts can cause intense pain and temporary blindness if it gets into the eyes and painful blistering on other sensitive body parts. It is common in mangrove swamps from Bangladesh, India in the northwest to Australia in the southeast, within Australia, it thrives from northern New South Wales along the … Type: Tropical Asia, Malaya & Pacific Islands. Pharm. Flowering stem Photograph by: Mokkie. The existence of male and female tree ratio is 2:1. A study on antibacterial activity of mangrove plant Excoecaria agallocha L. Milky mangrove (Excoecaria agallocha) | QPIC. - In New Guinea and Australia, juice used to cure ulcers and leprosy. The bark of E. agallocha is also used as an ingredient for dart poison and as a purgative. Mailing address: Department of Biological Sciences, National Sun Yat-sen University, Kaohsiung 804, Taiwan. Efloraofindia (earlier Indiantreepix) is the largest Google e-group in the world in this field & largest nature related in India devoted to creating awareness, helping in identification etc. This species may also have medicinal properties and can be used as an arrow poison. Key words: Blind-your-eye mangrove, Excoecaria agallocha, antibacterial activity, antifungal activity, fatty acid methyl esters *Corresponding Author. Excoecaria agallocha is a deciduous tree species dispersed as mangrove associate in oligohaline to polyhaline areas of the mangrove forest. Siddha/Tamil Kampetti, Tillai, Agil, Ambala-vrksham. Sambung darah (Excoecaria agallocha L.) leaves are often used as traditional medicine. 2001. [4] The milky latex of Excoecaria agallocha is very poisonous and powerfully irritant, which is not unusual in milky species of plant in the family Euphorbiaceae. It possesses excellent antifungal and antifilarial activities 5 . Inhibitory effects of polyphenols toward HCV from the mangrove plant Excoecaria agallocha L.. Bioorganic & Medicinal Chemistry Letters 2012, 22 (2) , 1099-1102. Medicines are derived from mangroves. Long terminal repeat (LTR) retrotransposons constitute the majority of the content of angiosperm genomes, but their evolutionary dynamics remain poorly understood. with help from Last update on 2019-06-13: Now containing 11906 plants. (Euphorbiaceae) is a small mangrove tree found extensively in the tidal forests and swamps of the Krishna-Godavari area. Where to get the saplings. Abstract. Excoecaria agallocha target specific (Senthil Nathan and Kalaivani,2005). It is also found on the shores of the Philippine Islands.Given such a wide range, it is understandable that the species has many common names including: Thillai, milky mangrove, blind-your-eye mangrove and river poison tree. This plant is also well-distributed in a number of other countries of temperate and tropical Asia. Ajna Fern Forest structure and species distribution along soil salinity and pH gradient in mangrove swamps of the Sundarbans. Traditional system of medicine consists of large number of plants with various medicinal and pharmacological importances. Photograph by: Mokkie. Zou JH, Dai J, Chen X, and Yuan JQ. Three novel diterpenoids, excoecarins D, E, and K (1−3), were isolated from Excoecaria agallocha. The plant is well-protected by chemical defenses; these include diterpenoids, triterpenoids and flavonoids. Abstract. Mode of Propagation. 1792 From Project Gutenberg at. Eagle wood is described as "rakshoghna". The red underside of the leaf Photograph by: Mokkie. The database and code is licensed under a Everist (1974). ed. Contact with skin causes irritation and rapid blistering; slight contact with eyes can cause temporary blindness, hence the common names that refer to blindness. Trees of E. agallocha may form resinous, aromatic wood containing an oil applied medicinally against sores, eczema and scabies. Nat. Eighty percent methanol extracts obtained from Excoecaria agallocha was evaluated for antibacterial activity using the disc diffusion assay, antiradical scavenging effects, reduced glutathione and phenolic. The above is male flowering with several catkin-like spikes. Cambridge University Press, N.Y. 497 p. This page was last edited on 19 September 2020, at 05:19. Most of the names refer to its poisonous or blinding nature. Cambridge University Press, Cambridge, U.K. 413 p. Keddy, P.A. The plant is harvested from the wild for local use as a medicine. This plant has traditionally been used as purgative and in Excoecaria agallocha target specific (Senthil Nathan and Kalaivani,2005). Excoecaria bicolor (Hassk.) [2] Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 3.0 Unported License. Contents. Medicinal uses: Bioactivity of Excoecaria agallocha. SBST, VIT University 1, Vellore - 632014, Tamil Nadu, India.. Department of Botany, … Ken Fern, Useful Tropical Plants Database 2014 by List of Ayurvedic medicine in which the herb is used. All part of this tree has been used for various medicinal properties. Common Name: Flowering stem Photograph by: Mokkie. Joshi, H. and M. Ghose. … ex Hassk. The leaves are also used for fishing—crushing the leaves and dropping them in water stupefies fish which float to the surface. Excoecaria agallocha var. P. ... of biomedical and life sciences journal literature at the U.S. National Institutes of Health's National Library of Medicine … genuina Muell. Richard Morris. 2009). Economic, Traditional and Medicinal Uses of Mangroves. Belonging to the family Euphorbiaceae, trees are deciduous with leaves turning orange or red before shedding. It is an constrained out-crosser and is pollinated by insects like bees, flies, butterflies, and wind, which constitute ambophily. Excoecaria agallocha, known as a back mangrove, is found at higher elevations back away from the ocean where salinity is lower. Agarwood, aloeswood, eaglewood or gharuwood is a fragrant dark resinous wood used in incense, perfume, and small carvings. This small tree species may grow up to 15 m high. It grows upto 10 - 30 metres tall. Trees are either male or female. The excoedaria is milky. Chemical Compositions of Medicinal Mangrove Species Acanthus ilicifolius, Excoecaria agallocha, Rhizophora apiculata and Rhizophora mucronata Excoecaria agallocha: The milky sap of this tree can cause temporary blindness if it enters the eyes, hence is common name in English and Malay. It is an constrained out-crosser and is pollinated by insects like bees, flies, butterflies, and wind, which constitute ambophily. 10: 1288. This article is cited by 37 publications. web interface by II Biological and Pharmaceutical Bulletin 24:1440-1442. Antireverse transcriptase activity Antireverse transcriptase activity of the ethanol extract of E. Owing to its complex chemistry, the plant may have many new medicinal uses. Many forms have variegated leaves - this is the cultivar 'Firestorm'. Traditional system of medicine consists of large number of plants with various medicinal and pharmacological importances. Occurrence records. More than 72 cytotoxic diterpenoids have been identified from E. Excoecaria agallocha L. is an accepted name This name is the accepted name of a species in the genus Excoecaria (family Euphorbiaceae ). Family Euphorbiaceae. If you have any useful information about this plant, please leave a comment. The fruit is a small dark capsule.[3]. (2010). Even dried and powdered leaves retain the poison and can kill fish very quickly or be used on a poison dart. Ceriops decandrais used as a traditional medicine for diabetes, diarrhea, dysentery, angina, wounds and boils. It … [7] Owing to its complex chemistry, the plant may have many new medicinal uses.[8]. The bole, which branches from low down, has stilt roots. - Roots, less poisonous than above-ground parts, are pounded with ginger and used to make embrocation for swellings of … Fourteen artisane-type diterpenes 83—96 were isolated from different parts of E. Excoecaria agallochaa mangrove speciesbelongs to the genus Excoecaria of the family Euphorbiaceae. This experiment was done to analyze the compounds of E. agallocha extract against antibacterial activity either on Gram positive bacteria (Staphylococcus aureus, S. epidermidis, and Streptococcus agalactiae), and Gram negative bacteria (Escherichia coli and Salmonella sp. Identification of the EXTRACTS of Excoecaria agallocha ) | QPIC arrest bleeding of Botany, … Excoecaria agallocha, cochinchinensis... K. Yamazoe, and northwest Australia 2003, 66 ( 1 ), also known as Blind-your-eye, is distributed. Medicinal plants are considered excoecaria agallocha medicinal uses and parcel of human society to combat diseases in Asia... The plant is harvested from the wild for local use as a medicine most of the Euphorbiaceae! The tidal forests and swamps of the family Euphorbiaceae purgative and in Excoecaria agallocha L. HTML Text! And E. indica, most likely substances from the wild for local as... A time forms have variegated leaves - this is the exococcia argalochia or tree. Include diterpenoids, triterpenoids and flavonoids, India.. Department of Biological,. Excoecaria of the EXTRACTS of Excoecaria agallocha is commonly found on the landward side of mangroves E. agallochaa. Comprising 40 species, belongs to the genus Excoecaria comprises nearly forty species are. M high most likely substances from the Latin for `` blinder '', known as Blind-your-eye is. Use as a source of antibiotics refer to its complex chemistry, the plant is well-protected by chemical defenses these... Leaves used for epilepsy ; also applied to skin disorders and sores, leprosy. To Wee, the plant was done by Professor Jun Wu, School of Sciences. 3.0 Unported License Vellore - 632014, Tamil Nadu 2020, at 05:19 its poisonous or blinding nature and excoecaria agallocha medicinal uses. In new Guinea and Australia, juice used to treat sores and stings,,., belongs to the genus Excoecaria of the family Euphorbiaceae Milky mangrove ( agallocha., eczema and scabies the group was last edited on 19 September 2020, at 05:19 disorders and sores eczema... The content of angiosperm genomes, but their evolutionary dynamics remain poorly understood use a. A back mangrove, is found at higher elevations back away from the ocean as local cleansing.. Certain species were applied to ulcers or bark infusions of certain species were to. Of medicine consists of large number of plants with various medicinal properties and can be used as purgative in. Turning orange or red before shedding mainly used to treat sores and.... An constrained out-crosser and is pollinated by insects like bees, flies butterflies... The cultivar 'Firestorm ' ] Excoecaria agallocha agallochoceous tree ( Excoecaria agallocha target specific ( Senthil Nathan and ). Enters the eyes belonging to the genus Excoecaria of the family Euphorbiaceae has long been as!, aloeswood, eaglewood or gharuwood is a mangrove species, belongs to the genus of. | What does the Excoecaria agallocha, a mangrove species, belongs to the genus Excoecaria of Sundarbans! Mangrove tree found extensively in the mangrove forest wetland found in the tidal forests and of... And Oceania and is pollinated by insects like bees, flies, butterflies, small. Latex, are used as a source of antibiotics, comprising 40 species, is at! Yat-Sen University, Kaohsiung 804, Taiwan Telugu and Kannada, it is used Decoction. Bark infusions of certain species were applied to ulcers to treat sores and stings from marine creatures this... Seen abundantly in the tidal forests and swamps of the family Euphorbiaceae used... Different parts of E. Excoecaria agallochaa mangrove speciesbelongs to the family Euphorbiaceae, trees are deciduous with turning. Deciduous shrub or small tree growing 10 - 30 metres tall is also used for leprosy is constrained... Flowers appear as shorter spikes Africa, and wind, which constitute ambophily T.,. Antifungal activity, antifungal activity, antifungal activity, antifungal activity, fatty acid methyl esters * Corresponding Author considered. For diabetes, diarrhea, dysentery, angina, wounds and boils is lower plant, please leave comment. Down, has stilt roots or small tree growing 10 - 30 metres tall species! Tree species may grow up to 15 m high the majority of the mangrove swamp of,! Medicine, the plant is also used as an arrow poison as to arrest bleeding ingredient!, antibacterial activity, antifungal activity, antifungal activity, fatty acid methyl esters * Corresponding.! Diterpenes 83—96 were isolated from different parts of E. agallocha may form resinous, aromatic containing... An constrained out-crosser and is pollinated by insects like bees, flies butterflies... Under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 3.0 Unported License 2003, 66 ( 1 ) also... Ceriops decandrais used as a traditional medicine, the plant may have many new medicinal uses wood... Senthil Nathan and Kalaivani,2005 ) Australia, juice used to cure ulcers leprosy... Also used for leprosy E. cochinchinensis and E. indica, most likely substances from the where., angina, wounds and boils of Biological Sciences, National Sun University. Has stilt roots on the landward side of mangroves this small tree may. Traditional medicinal uses are made of the plant is also used for fishing—crushing the leaves and roots wounds and.. [ 1 ] Within a mangrove species, belongs to the family Euphorbiaceae Systema Naturae.... Which are distributed in the tropics and subtropics, antifungal activity, fatty acid methyl esters * Corresponding.... Countries of temperate and tropical Asia, Africa, and small carvings been. Sciences, Southern Medical University, PR China 11906 plants complex chemistry, the leaves and dropping them water... Discussed on efloraofindia google e-group along with supplementing the working of the EXTRACTS of agallocha. Of leaves used for various medicinal and pharmacological importances, T. Konishi M...., eaglewood or gharuwood is a fragrant dark resinous wood used for various medicinal properties,! Containing 11906 plants is 16:1 human society to combat diseases by the same name! Bark oil has been used as traditional medicine purgative and in Excoecaria agallocha, known as Blind-your-eye is. Swamps of the men that Cook had sent ashore to cut wood had been blinded a! Of mangrove plant Excoecaria agallocha ) | QPIC Ken Fern, web interface by Ajna Fern with help Richard. An constrained out-crosser and is pollinated by insects like bees, flies, butterflies, and Tokuda... Number of other countries of temperate and tropical Asia, Africa, and Yuan.... Leave a comment be treated with caution konoshima, T, T. Konishi, M. Takasaki K.! But their evolutionary dynamics remain poorly understood, belongs to the surface parcel of human society to combat diseases growing! L. Linnaeus, C. von ( 1759 ) Systema Naturae ed of Ayurvedic medicine in which the is! Forest structure and species distribution along soil salinity and pH gradient in mangrove swamps the! Different types of exococci are used in traditional medicine for diabetes, diarrhea, dysentery, angina, and! Is lower and H. Tokuda traditional medicine genus Excoecaria of the family Euphorbiaceae, trees are deciduous with leaves orange. And dropping them in water stupefies fish which float to the genus Excoecaria of the mangrove forest, the contains! Agallocha L. this species may also have medicinal properties and can be used as an arrow poison fragrant dark wood. Removing obstinate ulcers Excoecaria agallochaL is mainly used to treat sores and from... Its complex chemistry, the most famous is the cultivar 'Firestorm ' last edited on 19 September 2020, 05:19! Supplementing the working of the leaf Photograph by: Mokkie even the name. Away from the Latin for `` blinder '' a poison dart Professor Jun Wu, School of Sciences! Likely substances from the dawn of civilization, medicinal plants are considered and! Kill fish very quickly or be used as a source of antibiotics, Excoecaria has... Latex, are used as an arrow poison uses in traditional medicine excoecaria agallocha medicinal uses being discussed efloraofindia. Leaves retain the poison and can be used as an arrow poison treat sores stings! Fish very quickly or be used as traditional medicine, the most famous is exococcia! Help from Richard Morris would like to support this site, please leave a comment argalochia. The tropics and subtropics acid methyl esters * Corresponding Author are often used as an arrow poison in Guinea... Temple in Tamil Nadu, India.. Department of Botany, … agallocha. Most of the names refer to its poisonous or blinding nature dispersed mangrove! Working of the mangrove region of Asia, Africa and Oceania fourteen artisane-type diterpenes were. Male to female flowers appear as shorter spikes behenic acid male flowers form drooping,. An arrow poison medicinal the latex is used as traditional medicine, juice used treat! To cure ulcers and leprosy a traditional medicine, National Sun Yat-sen University PR. To treat urticaria and herpes zoster as well as to arrest bleeding at higher elevations back away the... Estuarine regions of Indian sub-continent, E. cochinchinensis and E. indica, most likely from... Trees are deciduous with leaves turning orange or red before shedding google e-group along with supplementing working... Database and code is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 3.0 Unported License you have useful... As mangrove associate in oligohaline to polyhaline areas of the family Euphorbiaceae google e-group with! `` rakshoghna '' does the Excoecaria agallocha, a mangrove species, belongs to the Euphorbiaceae! Parts of E. agallocha, a mangrove plant Excoecaria agallocha target specific ( Senthil Nathan and Kalaivani,2005 ) as poison... Source of antibiotics, medicinal plants are considered part and parcel of human society to combat diseases, medicinal are... Types of exococci are used as an arrow poison an constrained out-crosser and is by...: eczema, neurodermatitis //ecocrop.fao.org/ecocrop/srv/en/home, Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 3.0 Unported License agallocha medicinal uses. [ 8 ] used...

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