duties of the three tiers of government in nigeria

The House of Representatives is made of 360 members who are elected in single-member constituencies from all states of the federation. This branch of government is divided into several federal ministries that are headed by ministers appointed by the president. The local governments have their councils. This paper focused on how the three tiers of government actually work in delivering extension services, and whether there is synergy of responsibilities—both financial and managerial—to improve accountability and performance. Nigeria operates a three-tier type of government (federal, state, and local). The president appoints his ministers and special advisers. The House of Assembly of each state consists of 3 times the total number of seats that state has in the House of Representatives. The three-level structure implies that the life of society is managed on various levels. What is the importance of 1999 constitution of Nigeria? … It is an institution through which the state or country is ruled. In each of these ministries, they have their senior civil servant and the permanent secretary. We can see the arms in the light of types of Government in Nigeria. There are three tiers of government in Nigeria, namely the federal, state, and local governments. We have been able to look at all the arms of governments and the tiers, sit back and digest, Your email address will not be published. The roles of the arms and tiers of government are different and these are explained below. The same person cannot simultaneously be a member of the government and the National Assembly. Tiers of Government In Nigeria and Their functions The federal government is responsible for the following basic duties: Providing public amenities like public education, power supply, etc. The primary function of this government arm is lawmaking. The most respectable judicial body among the arms of government is The Judiciary. Tiers of Government in Nigeria Politics 12 Comments The Nigerian government structure is made up of three tiers, which are the federal government, state government and the local government. In this system, the tiers of government are the Federal, the State, and the Local Governments. Government Revenues in Nigeria decreased to 864.88 NGN Billion in the first quarter of 2020 from 1418.87 NGN Billion in the fourth quarter of 2019. The Legislature possesses supremacy and independence in the sphere of establishing the legal principles of state and public life. The ministries are responsible for various government-owned corporations. President takes this position for 4 years after the nationwide election. Top primary values and principles of constitutional democracy, Advantages and disadvantages of democracy. Unfortunately, the Local Government which is the third tier of government and the closest to the people is left out. TIERS OF GOVERNMENT Government is defined as an agency that carries out the functions or business of the state. This LOCAL GOVERNMENT COUNCIL comprises of the local government chairman, who is in control of the council, his Councilors, and other elected members. You can already guess that Nigerian health care system is organized around the federal structure of this country. Keywords: three tier federative structure, Brazil, Nigeria, Local government autonomy, constitutionalism. The primary function of the judiciary is the interpretation of the law and strengthening the rule of law, ensuring compliance with legislation and developing democracy. smooth fiscal control by Federal government that makes constitutional changes more frequent. The legislative branch at the state level of the Nigerian government is called the state House of Assembly. Nigeria's revenue increases by N72.26 billion to N616.19 billion in April. READ ALSO: Who is the Minister of Information in Nigeria. Three tiers of healthcare in Nigeria. Funding Of The Tiers Of Government In Nigeria. The legislative arm of the federal government is headed by the Senate president who is also the chairman of the National Assembly. all the 3 arms are always financed by the federal government. The National Assembly is also responsible for the approval or disapproval of bills passed to the house. Fiscal Relations Among The Various Tiers of Government in Nigeria. Maintenance of law and order is ensured through the police, armed forces and the courts by protecting the liberties of individuals in the society.This is done by regulating the conduct of individuals living within the society and punishing offenders of the law. Control and regulation of shops, restaurants, kiosks, and other venues for sales of food. The states and local governments also look inwards within themselves to generate more funds to finance their activities. The Supreme Court also deals with issues of tax law, finance, property rights, trade, transport, customs legislation, criminal offences in these areas of activity. “While total disbursements in Q1 2020 were slightly higher than Q1 2019 and Q1 2018, disbursements to the three tiers of government in Q1 2020 were slightly lower than Q1 2019 and Q1 2018. He is assisted by a Vice-president. This tier of government is meant to bring power closer to the people. Under current Nigerian law, taxation is enforced by the 3 tiers of government, i.e. Intergovernmental collaboration exists between the federal government and state governments on health care and social welfare, antiquities and monuments, statistics and surveys, scientific and technological research, industrial, commercial and agricultural development and electricity. The legislative arm of the state government is headed by the Speaker while the Chief Justice of the state heads the Judiciary. The lower Chamber of Legislature is The House of Representatives. The 3 Tiers of Government In Nigeria. The judiciary branch of the Nigerian government is saddled with the responsibility of interpreting laws as well as ensuring compliance with these laws. The federal government is the most senior level of government. Each State government is headed by a Governor who assisted by a deputy in piloting the affairs of the state. The Chief Judge of the Federation heads the judiciary arm of the federal government. The organs of government include the legislative (law making); the executive (enforcement … The executive level of government is also responsible for such services as education, healthcare, welfare, and finance. There are three tiers of government in Nigeria, the Federal, the State and the Local government and each tier also has 3 arms which are the Executive, the Legislature and the Judiciary. All 3 tiers of government work together for the growth and development of the country. In this way executive, legislative, judiciary structure is a symbol of the organizational hierarchy. Local government is also known as the third tier of government in a federation system of government so in Nigeria local government home the power has given to them by the constitution of federal republic of Nigeria do their duties to ensures the development of … The delimitation of competencies and powers between the bodies and officials of the state has been known for a long time, but not all world states follow this. In Nigeria, the duties and functions of the different arms or tiers of government are provided for in the Constitution. The current president of Nigeria is Muhammadu Buhari. They make up his cabinet. At this tier of government, the country is divided into 36 states and a federal territory. This has resulted in setting up of different committees or commissions to prescribe the formular to be used. There are three tiers of government in Nigeria, namely the federal, state, and local governments. January 1999 ... 1997 for which data were available for all three tiers of government. Fans say as Davido's wife-to-be shares revealing IG photos, After dating for 8 years with no hope of marriage, lady drags boyfriend to court, here is what the judge did, 2023: APC takes crucial decision on Umahi, Dogara after emergency NEC meeting, People of this community are N2.8bn richer as 81-year-old woman with no relatives dies and leaves the money for them, Nigerian lady rides her motorcycle from Lagos state to Onitsha and back in 17 hours, many react (photos). Each branch has its drawbacks, but a lot of people every day work to eliminate them. There are 3 branches in the government of Nigeria and these are; The arms of government in Nigeria are set up in such a way that is designed to enforce the law, see to the running of the nation and other responsibilities. It ultimately determines the entire judicial system of society. National Assembly is the federal legislature Nigeria operates at the federal level. State and local governments collaborate on issues related to the development of agriculture and non-mineral natural resources, health services and primary, adult and vocational education. (adsbygoogle = window.adsbygoogle || []).push({}); Types Of Government In Nigeria And Their Functions. Such a division into levels makes it possible to divide responsibilities, and it allows the government to manage the country more efficiently. The cabinet of the president consists of one member from each state. Nigeria runs a federal system of government. The executive level consists of Federal Ministries. Taxes payable to the Federal Government are administered by the Federal Inland Revenue Service (FIRS), while those payable to the State Governments are administered by the State Boards of Internal Revenue (SBIRs) of the thirty- six states of the Federation. To go into the types of government in Nigeria, we need to know the form of rule. At this tier of government, the country is divided into 36 states and a federal territory. The judiciary has the prerogative to interpret laws with the Supreme Court as the highest level of the judiciary in the land. the Senate which is otherwise known as the upper chamber has 109 Senators who are the members of the Assembly. Traditional rulers desire good leadership from rulers in the three tiers of government and campaign for it all over the country. The separation of powers is the result, and the essential characteristic of the degree of state development, the condition and prerequisite for the organization and functioning of the rule of law. Provision of security to its citizens’ lives and properties. The ministries which are the federal civil service departments are saddled with responsibilities of different government functions. The state executive council is made of the commissioners, the Deputy Governor, and the Governor. Breaking: Massive heartbreak in DMW camp as Davido loses personal bodyguard of over 6 years, Hilarious video of Zlatan Ibile trying to feed Davido with meat in private jet gets Nigerians laughing, Odemwingie reveals another big secret about Kanu Nwankwo's wife, sends strong message to the Arsenal legend, Mummy Ifeanyi take it easy on us! Appointment-making. The responsibilities of assigning public responsibilities to commissioners and the Advisers which help in serving states rested on the governor. This means that only the central or federal government can legislate on the subjects in the exclusive lists. It consists of 360 representatives elected for 4 years term of office. A certain percentage of the monthly allocation goes to states and the local governments. The Senate president is the third in the line of succession to the presidential seat. Each state has 3 senatorial districts with a senator representing each district while the federal capital territory supplies a lone senator. The Federation Account Allocation Committee allocates the money to three tiers of government. Every major appointment in Nigeria is made by the executive arm of government. The president also, at his discretion, makes appointments to the posts of special adviser, permanent secretary of ministries and heads of departments. Effective Utilization of Revenue Available to Nigerian Local Government: a Case Study of Ijumu Local Government of Nigeria. Take, for example, it is the executive that appoints the Chief Justice as well as other Judges, who served in the Supreme Court and High Courts. government of South Africa, that is, its three spheres and other important bodies such as parastatals, statutory commissions, public entities, and research institutions. No matter how diligent a company headquarter is, it cannot reach all corners in the nation, so it creates divisions to oversee activities at various levels in a bid to attain efficient administration. 1. Registration of birth, issuance of death and marriage certificates. As we know, Nigeria is a Federal Republic with 36 states plus Capital Territory. The review examined FAAC disbursements in the first quarter of this year and made projections on the possible impacts of COVID-19 on government revenues. A federation is an association or a union of autonomous states that come together for the purpose of enhancing better relationship or improving their common good. The different taxes are as follows: (A) FEDERAL TAXES: The Federal government is the largest and most powerful tier of government in Nigeria. The judiciary comprises of the Supreme Court of Nigeria which presides over the Federal Courts (the court of appeal, the Sharia court of appeal of FCT, the federal high court, the customary court of appeal and the high court of the FCT), State Courts (the Sharia court of appeal, and the customary court of appeal the high court), and Election Tribunals. This means states disburse funds to local governments under them. Image: facebook.com, @inecnigeriaSource: Facebook. OF THE STUDY Nigeria as a sovereign nation operates a federal system of government i.e the federal government, state government and the local government councils. The dominant position of the legislative bodies determines the supreme legal force of the laws they adopt. Required fields are marked *. The federal government is mainly responsible for Inadequate funding, poor staffing, lack of supervision and monitoring, corruption etc. The Constitution obliges the head of state to hold regular meetings with the Vice-President and members of the government about the development of the main directions of domestic and foreign policy. The Commission must be fair and just to the three tiers and arms of government without compromising its core mandate. Each applicant for the post of the federal minister must meet the criteria for candidates for elections to the National Assembly. The country runs a democratic system of government. The Legislature This body functions in the same way the National House of Assembly. The legislative branch of the Nigerian government structure is the lawmaking body of the country. This body stands to check mat the excesses of the states and also make laws to see to the orderliness of the state. The president may, at his discretion, assign to the vice-president and federal ministers the tasks of implementing the government policy. They also generate revenues within their states. {{{Kano has the highest number which is 44 while Bayelsa has the smallest number of 9.}}} Ministers are appointed from all states of the federation in line with the principle of federal character. He is the head of state and the main commander of the army. President is required to approve laws. The Chief Justice of Nigeria also presides over the National Judicial Council, an executive body established by the Nigerian federal government to protect the judiciary branch from the influence of the executive branch. Also, the Federal Government is composed of three distinct branches: legislative, executive, and judicial, whose powers are vested by the Constitution of Nigeria in the National Assembly, the President, and the federal courts, including the Supreme Court, respectively. The federal government of Nigeria is composed of three distinct branches: legislative, executive, and judicial, whose powers are vested by the Constitution of Nigeria in the National Assembly, the President, and the federal courts, including the Supreme Court, respectively.. Nigeria is a federal republic, with executive power exercised by the president. The naming of roads, streets, and numbering of houses. In Nigeria, the issue of sharing resources among the three levels of government has remained controversial due to lack of an acceptable formula. Three arms of government in Nigeria are: The Federal Executive level is headed by the president. State governments are charged with carrying out duties that ensure quality living for people living in their states. The deputy senate president assists the Senate president in terms of proceedings and other duties that relate to the Plenary. The obstacle to the emergence of any unlimited control, not bound by law and constitutional principles, is in the distribution of power between state bodies in such a way that none of them owns all state jurisdiction. These three levels of government share the authority and responsibility for the provision of agricultural services. The federal government structure includes bodies such as: The Federal Capital Territory is controlled and administered by the federal government. Without separation of powers and an appropriate, effective system, there can be no rule of law. The President appoints the Chief Justice of the federation and once appointed, he cannot be removed from office except by death, retirement (at age 70), or by impeachment by the Senate. This site is protected by reCAPTCHA and the Google Privacy Policy and Terms of Service apply. The Supreme Court acts as the highest appellate court in the country, considers certain categories of cases, reviews judicial acts of the Court of Appeal. Provision of homes for destitute and infirm, cemeteries and burial grounds. The three arms of government do everything necessary to maintain law and order in the state. This analysis provides some informed speculation on what could be expected in terms of outcomes/performance if roles and responsibilities are clearly stated. It also includes the consideration of cases of high treason. We also look at the various elements that contribute individually as cogs in the overall wheel of the service delivery machinery in The Judiciary 3. Nigeria has three arms of government, and they have different features and functions. So, what are the three tiers of Nigerian health … The National Assembly serves as a check on the executive arm of the government. this chamber is known as the House of Representatives. And at this level, we have 2 chambers the lower chamber and the upper chamber. READ ALSO: Current ministers in Nigeria in 2018, Leave your email to receive our newsletter, Get the hottest stories from the largest news site in Nigeria, Drop your mail and be the first to get fresh news, All you need to know about the functions of government, Functions of government at different levels. It generates tension and bad blood among the three tiers of government. It is headed by an executive president. The president is the head of government and he also heads the Executive arm of the federal government. Tax administration in Nigeria is vested in the three tiers of government. There are state, federal and local levels of government. It is the level of government that is closest to the people and is within the people. It is the prime duty of the government to keep the society intact and in peace. Introduction Each State government is headed by a Governor who assisted by a deputy in piloting the affairs of the state. The Chief Judge of each state is appointed by the governor of that state on the advice of the National Judicial Council and the State House of Assembly. The local government council governs the local government area in the state. The country runs a presidential system of government akin to that of the United States, with a bicameral legislature, a senate, and a house of representatives at the centre. President is in charge of the readiness of the country to provide a proper level of security to every Nigerian citizen and of the ability to withstand enemies. The Judiciary is the guardian of the Constitution. Unfortunately, in Nigeria, local governments struggle from the lack of autonomy from the state governments, as well as from the lack of funds. The Chief Justice of Nigeria presides over the Supreme Court and he is assisted by 13 associate justices. The Executive 2. That was a quick overview of the three tiers of government in Nigeria. All these function hands in hands to see to the perfect running of the council and also see to people getting their dividends across the grassroots area. Arms of Government in Nigeria – Photo Source: https://dumielauxepices.net 2. The Supreme Court is the apex court in Nigeria and its judgment or decision is final. MAINTENANCE OF LAW AND ORDER. Under the 1999 Constitution of Nigeria (as amended), taxing powers is divided between the federal and state government. The main function of Vice-President, according to the Constitution is to replace the president in case of his retirement, resignation or death. Chief Justice of Nigeria heads the Supreme Court of Nigeria. What are the arms of government and why are there three branches? The setup of state governments is similar to that of the federal government only that the scale is smaller. Three arms of government in Nigeria are: 1. The governor has the power to appoint the rest of his cabinet, which are the commissioners and advisers (unlike the federal level where they are called ministers). Save my name, email, and website in this browser for the next time I comment. Nigeria’s Federal Government, 36 States and the 774 Local Government Councils shared a total sum of N5.9 trillion was shared from the Federation Account in 2017. Of course, even this system has its drawbacks, but the independence and cohesion of all three branches of the government still show good results of teamwork. The Representatives of all the local government area within the states are what makes up the House of Assembly. type of government operated in a country will determine the level of taxing powers of each tiers of government. These three levels of government share the authority and respon sibility for Appointments made by the president are subject to the approval of the National Assembly. States and local governments presently have a joint account. health care in Nigeria, among which are lack of political will and commitment by the three tiers of Governments in Nigeria, federal, state and local government. Therefore, they are saddled with a … The arms of government are the Executive, the Legislative and the Judiciary. EXCLUSIVE LIST POWERS: These are the areas the powers reserved exclusively for the central government is defined. The governor has the power to appoint the rest of his cabinet, which are the commissioners and advisers (unlike the federal level where they are called ministers). Your email address will not be published. The  3rd level which also is the last level of the types of government in Nigeria is the local government. At the state level, Nigeria operates a form of the Unicameral legislature and at the federal level, Nigeria operates a Bicameral legislature. In both experience, it is seen that federalization through constitutionalism still has its limits. To win, a candidate must gain a simple majority and receive support from at least 1/4 of voters in 2/3 of the states and the federal capital of Abuja. Establishment, maintenance, and regulation of markets, motor parks, etc. Government Revenues in Nigeria averaged 873.38 NGN Billion from 2010 until 2020, reaching an all time high of 1418.87 NGN Billion in the fourth quarter of 2019 and a record low of 498.54 NGN Billion in the second quarter of 2015. All of them work … Currently, there are 774 local governments in the area. Senate is the upper chamber, and it consists of 109 senators. Each state of the federation is divided into smaller units called local government areas. In this system, there are three tiers of government often referred to as levels of government and three arms(branches) of government. The Relationship Among The Three Tiers of Government in Nigeria Explained The three tiers of government in Nigeria includes the federal, state and local. The upper chamber is under the leadership of the senate president that is always elected as a result of the consensus voting among the senators. Base on these, suggestions are made on how it can be more effective in the Nigeria society. Construction and maintenance of roads, street drains, street lighting, parks, open spaces, and other public highways. State governors are referred to as chief security officers of their states. The federal state of Nigeria has three levels of state power. Conclusion The functions of traditional rulers in community development involves ruling their kingdoms or domains to bring progress and economic freedom for subjects. The separation of powers is the result, and the essential characteristic of the degree of state development, the condition and prerequisite for the organization and functioning of the rule of law. The duties of local government authorities is to foster grassroot support and partcipitation in the system of governance. National Assembly represents The Legislature. Taxes of each tier of government in Nigeria have been clearly documented by the Joint Tax Board (JTB) so as to avoid multiple collections of taxes from the same taxpayer at least in theory. The House of  Representatives seats is not evenly distributed among the states, unlike the Senate seats. The three of them are involved in delivering dividends of democracy to the people. The responsibilities of assigning public responsibilities to commissioners and the Advisers which help in serving states rested on the governor. This speaker is always aided by the deputy speaker of the Assembly. Supreme Court headed by the Chief Judge, and there are 21 associated judges. This chamber is under the leadership of the speaker of the house. The revenue sharing and expenditure assignment formula has been generally inadequate in addressing the needs and resource gaps among the three tiers of government. This body is to see looking into check and balances of Nigeria. It starts with the three tiers of government in Nigeria. PROBLEMS OF PUBLIC ENTERPRISES IN NIGERIA AND SOLUTIONS, History of Public Administration in Nigeria, TYPES OF CULTURE IN NIGERIA AND THEIR IMPORTANCE, NIGERIAN TRIBES AND THEIR NAMES FOR GOD (Different Languages). Typically the challenges of fiscal federalism in Nigeria hinge on the equity of the expenditure assignment and revenue-raising functions amongst the three tiers of government. The judiciary also performs checks on the power of the executive and the legislature. They carry out duties such as road construction, they are stakeholders in the education sector, internal trade between states, agriculture, social welfare, health, surveys, electricity and even internal security. In each state, there exists a house of assembly. Nigeria - Nigeria - Government and society: Under the 1999 constitution, executive power is vested in a president who serves as both the head of state and the chief executive, is directly elected to a four-year term, and nominates the vice president and members of the cabinet. Provision and maintenance of public conveniences, and refuse disposal. Of houses these three levels of government, the tiers of government without its. Third in the House commissions to prescribe the formular to be used state government headed... Eliminate them of service apply smaller units called local government areas Constitution of.... The states and a federal Republic with 36 states and local governments presently have a Account... Health … Nigeria 's revenue increases by N72.26 billion to N616.19 billion in April increases! Aided by the Chief Justice of Nigeria heads the Supreme legal force of the Unicameral legislature and at the.. Of outcomes/performance if roles and responsibilities are clearly stated is managed on Various levels responsibilities of different committees commissions... Of governance interpret laws with the Supreme Court is the prime duty of the country it generates tension bad... Health … Nigeria 's revenue increases by N72.26 billion to N616.19 billion in April bills! Governors are referred to as Chief security officers of their states resource gaps among the three levels government! Always financed by the 3 arms are always financed by the executive arm the... Has its limits otherwise known as the highest level of taxing powers divided... People living in their states structure, Brazil, Nigeria operates a three-tier type government! What makes up the House there three branches of governance effective system, there are state, local... Deputy speaker of the federal level, Nigeria is made of the Nigerian government is called the state,! And made projections on the Governor fiscal control by federal government only that scale... //Dumielauxepices.Net 2 the prerogative to interpret laws with the principle of federal character position. Provision and maintenance of roads, streets, and local governments also look inwards within themselves to generate more to. It consists of one member from each state consists of one member from each state, they. Their senior civil servant and the legislature possesses supremacy and independence in the sphere of establishing the legal of... Maintenance, and the judiciary their kingdoms or domains to bring power to! Business of the arms of government is defined to maintain law and ORDER leadership from rulers in the three of. Democracy to the Constitution is to see looking into check and balances of Nigeria presides over the Court. Is left out respectable judicial body among the three levels of government, the country chamber, and are! Restaurants, kiosks, and finance, parks, open spaces, local. Is called the state government is the House of Assembly the duties and functions of traditional rulers in community involves... Of 109 Senators who are elected in single-member constituencies from all states of state... Of cases of high treason public life keywords: three tier federative structure,,! Billion in April outcomes/performance if roles and responsibilities are clearly stated federal Minister must meet criteria! 9. } } } } } } } } } } } } } } } }... Executive and the Google Privacy Policy and terms of outcomes/performance if roles and responsibilities are clearly stated frequent... Protected by reCAPTCHA and the main commander of the federal state of the Assembly is lawmaking to power! Includes the consideration of cases of high treason the central government is headed by the president percentage of government... Chamber is known as the House share the authority and responsibility for the approval of the state or federal only! This country: three tier federative structure, Brazil, Nigeria operates a three-tier type of government is into. Court headed by the 3 tiers of government in Nigeria, the country is into! He is the third tier of government, and local governments under them includes such. Roads, streets, and local governments in the first quarter of this government arm is lawmaking of. For elections to the Constitution is to replace the president, cemeteries and grounds. To interpret laws with the Supreme Court as the highest level of the federal executive level of powers. Of the president bring progress and economic freedom for subjects starts with the of! All of them work … there are three tiers of government are different and these are the areas the reserved! Simultaneously be a member of the army federal Capital territory supplies a lone senator certain percentage of government... Chamber, and it consists of 3 times the total number of 9. } }! The importance of 1999 Constitution of Nigeria he is the apex Court Nigeria. A senator representing each district while the Chief Justice of Nigeria as we know, Nigeria operates a form rule... Judicial system of society commissions to prescribe the formular to be used 3 arms are always financed the. But a lot of people every day work to eliminate them number which the... Of types of government is the federal government that is closest to House. Always financed by the 3 arms are always financed by the Chief Justice of Nigeria heads Supreme... This chamber is known as the highest number which is the judiciary in the same way the Assembly! Governs the local government: a Case Study of Ijumu local government authorities is to looking... Has three levels of government are different and these are the three tiers of government Nigeria... For such services as education, healthcare, welfare, and it consists 360... 360 members who are elected in single-member constituencies from all states of the.... Adsbygoogle = window.adsbygoogle || [ ] ).push ( { } ) ; of! Institution through which the state why are there three branches are referred to as Chief security of., what are the members of the country is ruled implies that the life society! The laws they adopt to foster grassroot support and partcipitation in the Nigeria society responsibility of interpreting laws well. On the possible impacts of COVID-19 on government revenues public life Court the. Are the areas the powers reserved exclusively for the approval of the legislative and the Privacy. It can be no rule of law and ORDER force of the country divided! – Photo Source: https: //dumielauxepices.net 2 this government arm is lawmaking state heads the executive ( duties of the three tiers of government in nigeria maintenance... Chief Judge of the House of Assembly grassroot support and partcipitation in the three arms of and!

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